As many as 800,000 pilgrims jammed into St Peter’s Square at the Vatican on April 27 to witness the canonization of the “two Pope saints,” namely John XXIII and John Paul II. The piazza was filled as of the early morning, while Polish pilgrims constituted one of the largest national groupings. More than 100 countries were represented among the pilgrims, while at least 20 heads of state also attended. Among them were King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain, Prince Hans-Adam II of Lichtenstein, Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg, King Albert II and Queen Paola of Belgium, former Polish president Lech Walesa, the president of the Argentine parliament Julián Domínguez, and the presidents of the European Union, Herman Van Rompuy, and the European Commission, Jose Manuel Barroso. Also in attendance were Floribeth Mora Diaz and Sister Adele Labianca, the caregiver of Caterina Capitani – the two women who experienced the miracles attributed to John Paul II. Representing the United States was President Barack Obama’s advisor, John Podesta: a controversial lobbyist.
Praising his two predecessors, Pope Francis said to the crowd, “John XXIII and John Paul II cooperated with the Holy Spirit in renewing and updating the church in keeping with her pristine features, those features which the saints have given her throughout the centuries." Francis praised “Good” Pope John for convening the Second Vatican Council, which led to numerous reforms including reconciliation with Judaism. He also cited John Paul II and his focus on family life. "They were priests, bishops and popes of the 20th century," said Francis. "They lived through the tragic events of that century, but they were not overwhelmed by them." Pope Francis was accompanied by his immediate predecessor, Pope emeritus Benedict XVI.
It was during 2005 funeral of John Paul that the faithful were heard to chant "Santo Subito!" or "Sainthood Now!". Pope Benedict XVI then began the canonization process that was to be the fastest in memory. It was Francis who later modified the rules for canonization, allowing John to be canonized without having a second miracle attributed to him.
Francis told the throngs on April 27 that he had deliberated and consulted, and also prayed for divine assistance while "we declare and define that Blessed John XXIII and John Paul II be saints and we enroll them among the saints, decreeing that they are to be venerated as such by the whole church."
Huge banners bearing the likenesses of the two saints were evident on the façade of St Peter’s. The piazza was embellished with more than 30,000 roses from Ecuador, and in Via della Conciliazione, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims recited the chaplet of Divine Mercy, intercalated with texts from the teaching of both of the newly canonized pontiffs and preceded by the Hymn to Blessed John XXIII, “Good Shepherd of Christ's flock”, which was followed by the Hymn to Blessed John Paul II, “Open the doors to Christ”.
Relics of the two pope saints were presented to Pope Francis, which included a phial of the blood of John Paul II, and a piece of skin removed from the body of John XXIII. Following a gospel reading of the canonization Mass, Francis gave a sermon in which he defined Pope Saint John XXII as “the Pope of openness to the Holy Spirit”, and Pope Saint John Paul II as “the Pope of the Family”, recalling that “at the heart of this Sunday, which concludes the Octave of Easter and which John Paul II wished to dedicate to Divine Mercy, are the glorious wounds of the risen Jesus.”
“He had already shown those wounds when he first appeared to the Apostles on the very evening of that day following the Sabbath, the day of the resurrection”, he continued. “But Thomas was not there that evening, and when the others told him that they had seen the Lord, he replied that unless he himself saw and touched those wounds, he would not believe. A week later, Jesus appeared once more to the disciples gathered in the Upper Room, and Thomas was present; Jesus turned to him and told him to touch his wounds. Whereupon that man, so straightforward and accustomed to testing everything personally, knelt before Jesus with the words: 'My Lord and my God!'.
“The wounds of Jesus are a scandal, a stumbling block for faith, yet they are also the test of faith. That is why on the body of the risen Christ the wounds never pass away: they remain, for those wounds are the enduring sign of God’s love for us. They are essential for believing in God. Not for believing that God exists, but for believing that God is love, mercy and faithfulness. Saint Peter, quoting Isaiah, writes to Christians: 'by his wounds you have been healed'.
“John XXIII and John Paul II were not afraid to look upon the wounds of Jesus, to touch his torn hands and his pierced side”, exclaimed Pope Francis. “They were not ashamed of the flesh of Christ, they were not scandalised by him, by his cross; they did not despise the flesh of their brother, because they saw Jesus in every person who suffers and struggles. These were two men of courage, filled with the parrhesia of the Holy Spirit, and they bore witness before the Church and the world to God’s goodness and mercy.
“They were priests, bishops and popes of the twentieth century. They lived through the tragic events of that century, but they were not overwhelmed by them. For them, God was more powerful; faith was more powerful – faith in Jesus Christ the Redeemer of man and the Lord of history; the mercy of God, shown by those five wounds, was more powerful; and more powerful too was the closeness of Mary our Mother.
“In these two men, who looked upon the wounds of Christ and bore witness to his mercy, there dwelt a living hope and an indescribable and glorious joy. The hope and the joy which the risen Christ bestows on his disciples, the hope and the joy which nothing and no one can take from them. The hope and joy of Easter, forged in the crucible of self-denial, self-emptying, utter identification with sinners, even to the point of disgust at the bitterness of that chalice. Such were the hope and the joy which these two holy popes had received as a gift from the risen Lord and which they in turn bestowed in abundance upon the People of God, meriting our eternal gratitude.
“This hope and this joy were palpable in the earliest community of believers, in Jerusalem, as we read in the Acts of the Apostles. It was a community which lived the heart of the Gospel, love and mercy, in simplicity and fraternity.
“This is also the image of the Church which the Second Vatican Council set before us. John XXIII and John Paul II cooperated with the Holy Spirit in renewing and updating the Church in keeping with her pristine features, those features which the saints have given her throughout the centuries. Let us not forget that it is the saints who give direction and growth to the Church. In convening the Council, John XXIII showed an exquisite openness to the Holy Spirit. He let himself be led and he was for the Church a pastor, a servant-leader. This was his great service to the Church; he was the pope of openness to the Spirit.
“In his own service to the People of God, John Paul II was the pope of the family. He himself once said that he wanted to be remembered as the pope of the family. I am particularly happy to point this out as we are in the process of journeying with families towards the Synod on the family. It is surely a journey which, from his place in heaven, he guides and sustains”.
The Holy Father concluded. “May these two new saints and shepherds of God’s people intercede for the Church, so that during this two-year journey toward the Synod she may be open to the Holy Spirit in pastoral service to the family. May both of them teach us not to be scandalised by the wounds of Christ and to enter ever more deeply into the mystery of divine mercy, which always hopes and always forgives, because it always loves”.
Following the Mass, Pope Francis greeted the assembled pilgrims and thanked the various authorities for their participation.
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