A survey to be released by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights contends that 25 percent of Jews living in nine European Union countries are afraid to identify themselves in public, according to Israeli daily Maariv.
The survey's full findings will be revealed in November. Polling was conducted in Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Romania, and Sweden. They were chosen on the basis of the size of their Jewish populations and/or to ensure coverage of various regions of the EU. In some countries, the number of Jews afraid to identify themselves as Jews is much higher than in the nine EU countries surveyed. For example, 50 percent of Jews in Sweden, 40 percent of French Jews, and 36 percent of Belgian Jews are afraid to identify openly as Jewish.
Also, a significant number of Jews say they have experienced anti-Semitism for themselves over the past year. Of those surveyed, 37 percent of Romanian Jews, 35 percent of Hungarian Jews, and 31 percent of Belgian Jews said they had first-hand experience of anti-Semitism. In Britain and Sweden, the number is considerably lower, with 21 percent saying they have experienced anti-Semitism in the past year.
The FRA report said 27 percent of the anti-Semitic attacks in the EU were carried out by Muslims, 22 percent by the far left, and 19 percent by far right. Of those surveyed, three out of four say they had experienced anti-Semitic attacks but did not report the incidents to authorities, while half claimed that nothing would have been done if they had.
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is a decentralized agency provides expert advice to the institutions of the EU and its Member States on a range of issues.