The federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) identifies inmates according to race with no regard as to ethnic or national origins. Hispanics or Latinos, for example, are listed as “White” in record-keeping by the BOP despite differences in skin color and features.
Report by Race
In the BOP report, Asians amounted to 2,789 in the federal system, or 1.5 percent of the total. Blacks made up 71,245 in federal prisons or 37.7 percent. Native Americans came to 3,961 or 2.1 percent. Whites in the system amounted to 110,739, or 58.7 percent of the total.
Report by Ethnicity
The BOP does denote in a separate report the number of Hispanic and non-Hispanic inmates. Also released on February 25, the report shows that there are 63,207 Hispanic inmates, representing 33.5 percent of the total, while Non-Hispanic inmates amounted 125,527, or 66.5 percent.
Therefore, by subtracting the number of Hispanic inmates from the number of White inmates, a total of 47,532 White inmates can be discerned in the federal prison system.
Report by Citizenship
Yet another report prepared by the Bureau of Prisons offers the number of inmates according to their citizenship. As of February 25, American citizens amounted to 147,651 or 78.2 percent of the total number of inmates. There were 26,908 Mexican nationals or 14.3 percent of the total. Persons of unknown citizenship numbered 9,670 or 5.1 percent of the total. Columbia came next at 1,675 or 0.9 percent of the total. The Dominican Republic was next with 1,582 inmates or 0.8 percent of the total. Finally, Cuba contributed 1,248 inmates or 0.7 percent of the total.
Texas tickets Latino drivers as white
In 2014, Texas state troopers stopped more than 1.2 million people who were denominated white people during traffic stops. However, a 2015 report indicates that many were actually Hispanic or Latino. According to KXAN-TV of Austin, a review of a database of millions of Texas Department of Safety records showed that Hispanic drivers’ race was inaccurately reported. Going back to 2010, the record showed that the number of Hispanic drivers involved in traffic stops increased from 208,000 to 351,000 in 2014.
Texas state law requires officers to record the race of drivers for any warning, citation, or arrest at traffic stops as a preventative measure against racial profiling. The documents list “white” and “hispanic” as two separate categories.
Latino fugitives classified as white
Of the 10 most wanted fugitives in Texas, all are male, while eight of them are designated as "White" albeit with the word "Hispanic' added in parentheses. Of the remaining two fugitives, one is designated "White," while the other is "Black." No further ethnic or racial categorization is prohibited for either of them. However, the gang affiliation for some of the fugitives is provided. In the case of the “White” non-Hispanic male, he is listed as a member of the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas, while the “Black” male is a member of the Bloods. One "White (Hispanic)" is shown to be a member of Barrio Azteca, while another is listed as a member of the Texas Syndicate.
The term “people of color” is frequently associated with the social-justice movement as a way of cobbling together persons who have dark skin color for political advocacy.