Asperger’s syndrome is a neurobiological condition that is within the spectrum of autism disorders. Also known as Asperger’s disorder, those diagnosed with the condition often have difficulties in social interaction and communicating with other people. It differs from the childhood autism described by the renowned American physician and psychiatrist Leo Kanner, who was the pioneer of pediatric psychiatry.
Those exhibiting Asperger’s do not show delay in forming their first spoken words, but do show notable symptoms that may present challenges in accurately ascertaining their intelligence. They often show intense and restricted interests, move in repetitive and stereotypical ways, or become preoccupied with parts of objects. The condition manifests itself in early childhood, and become even more notable later on when social relationship skills play a more central role in personal development.
The truth is that while it manifests itself in infancy, it continues throughout the lives of those diagnosed. The origin of the condition is as yet unknown.
Dr. Celso Arango, the director of Spain’s Center for Biomedical Research in Mental Health (CIBERSAM), who also serves as a professors at Madrid’s Complutense University and as an adjunct at the University of Maryland, has stated that "autistic children suffer a range of disorders that affect child development. These changes occur because there is a basic neurological disorder. "
At present, there is one case of Asperger’s for every 250 children. In the 1970s, it was estimated that there were five cases per 10,000 children examined. This reflects an increase of 40% in cases of Aspergers over the past 45 years. But not all experts agree on the incidence of this disease of unknown origin. A group of Norwegian researchers, for example, at Haukenland University Hospital (Bergen) denies the existence of an autism epidemic.
When attempting a diagnosis, all of the threads of evidence have to be in hand in order to address and correct the behavior disorders associated with autism. Many parents fear, or are horrified, when the moment comes and don’t how to deal with the new situation and doubt that the life of their child will be a good one. But life is always a joy: a gift from God.
Moreover, specialists assert that "it is important to warn families not fall for treatments that have no scientific basis, such as megadoses of vitamins or elimination of certain nutrients.
The Fundación Orange of Spain, a nonprofit largely engaged in supporting individuals with autism and their families, is collaborating with various organizations and projects to integrate autistic children into the ongoing electronic technological revolution. The intention is making those dealing with autism familiar with touch screens and mobile devices, some of which are created especially with their needs in mind.
According to the polymath Italian economist, Abbé Ferdinando Galiani, “A child receives most of his education in the first two years of life. We don’t notice it because he does not speak.” It is thus that importance of early diagnosis, treatment, facilitation and understanding, are crucial in aiding people living with Asperger's.
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