According to a new report, the second largest city in Britain will become a “majority minority” metropolis by 2021. The “super-diversity” of Birmingham means that white Britons are set to become the minority among the city’s 1.2 million-plus people. Also, 60 percent of minors under age 18 are already shown to be from a non-white background. In the report on community cohesion by the Birmingham City Council , the conclusion was “Birmingham is soon to become a majority minority city.” The council report cited the 2011 census when it stated that 42.1 percent of Birmingham’s residents said they are non-white. That was an increase of 12 percent from the 2001 census. If the growth rate rises by the time of the 2021 census, more than half of the city's 1.2 million-plus population will be from an ethnic minority.
The trend is apparently mirrored in the United States.
Among the concerns raised are that the various ethnic communities are increasingly separated from each other, noting that “there is a high concentration of ethnic minority groups, particularly black and Asian communities, that have become disadvantaged.” Currently, according to the report, there are residents from nearly 200 countries Iiving in Birmingham. Approximately 50,000 residents cannot speak English.
The report said, “Birmingham has benefited from its diverse migrant communities who have settled in the city and successfully contributed to its economic vitality, becoming leaders in education, medicine, sports, arts and business and providing employment opportunities to local people.
“Our demographic landscape is increasingly becoming ethnically and socially ‘super diverse’, which means a greater understanding of the changes in cultural norms, identities and social shifts in how we live work and learn is needed.” Nonetheless, the report deplored the “tension” resulting from the “diversity.”
"Collectively, Birmingham should lead by example in challenging anything that prevents our citizens from reaching their full potential, including discrimination, poverty, segregation or a lack of ambition," said the report.
Birmingham’s first Muslim Minister of Parliament, Khalid Mahmood, said the city council has not done enough for whites in Birmingham. Mahmood said, “We should rightly celebrate the diverse nature of our city but we need to do more to stop white people leaving the city.” He said that white-majority public housing projects have “been forgotten” and that there has been failure there to “engage with the local authorities.” He averred that the council has focused on serving individual ethnic communities rather than sharing resources across the geographic area.
Unemployment is high in Birmingham, where 65 percent of working age residents are employed. By comparison, the national average was 74 percent in 2016. Also, high numbers of Pakistani and Bangladeshi residents have no job skills.
In the United States, the recent release of 2017 race and age statistics by the Census Bureau noted two noteworthy markers about the country’s changing demographics. For the first time since the Census has released these annual statistics, the numbers show an absolute decline in the number of white non-Hispanic people, reflecting an acceleration of a change that was not expected to occur until the next decade. Also, the new numbers show that for the first time there are more ethnic minority children than whites, at every age from zero to nine. Analysts note that this means that the country is about to see the first minority white generation, born in 2007 and later, which they are labelling Generation “Z-Plus.”
According to the Brookings Institution, “Together these new data suggest that a signature feature of U.S. demographic change in the 21st century is the aging and decline of the white population, along with population growth among young minorities to counterbalance the trend.”
Ever since the first census was counted in 1790, the white population in the U.S. has been increasing. Change in the numbers of the non-Hispanic white population using data from the censuses of 1970 to 2010, and annual population estimates for 2011 to 2017,show, for the first time, an absolute decline in the white population of more than 9,000 whites between 2015 and 2016 and more than 31,000 whites between 2016 and 2017.
While the declines are modest, according to Brookings, they are an “early harbinger of the long-term trend that the Census Bureau projected previously this year. Those projections showed the white population declining after 2023.” It went on to say:
“This is indicative of a general aging of the white population, which means proportionately fewer white women in their childbearing years, and an excess of deaths over births (a natural decrease). The recent downsizing of the white population could reflect post-recession-related fertility declines in the white population, leading to an inflation of white natural decrease to its highest levels of the last six years. The past year also showed a downturn in white immigration.”