In the ancient city of Abydos, Egypt, American archeologists discovered the tomb of pharaoh Sobekhotep I, who reigned 3,700 years ago.
Sobekhotep's tomb was completely unknown to scholars, said the Egyptian minister of antiquities on Wednesday, explaining the archeological team from the University of Pennsylvania were able to read the royal cartouches that revealed the complete name of the pharaoh.
Scholars now believe the head of this statue is an image of Sobekhotep I, 1803–1800 BC, although there are other attributions.
The cartouches, a series of hieroglyphics of the royal's name, encircled with a border, were discovered written on the 60-ton, red quartzite sarcophagus and on the walls of the tomb.
Archeologists also discovered the remains of the pharaoh, who once stood 6 feet tall (1m85). They found pieces of canopic jars that hold the mummified organs of the ancient ruler. Funerary artifacts, commonly found in ancient tombs, were missing, suggesting that the tomb was robbed in ancient times.
Experts believe the tomb was originally covered with a pyramid.
Sobekhotep I is known throughout Egyptian history, with his cartouche appearing on artifacts in museums around the globe, including the Louvre (see images below).
Experts believe that Sobekhotep's tomb could reveal more information about the Hyksos, a semetic people from the south of Syria who invaded and ruled a part of Egypt in the 18th century BC, but Egypt's ministry of antiquities disagrees.
"The royal family of Abydos, who could have been founded by Sobekhotep, is of Egyptian origin and it's not believed to have been under the rule of the Hyksos," said Ali al-Asfar, the minister of Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities.
The six foot tall skeleton of the pharaoh, Sobekhotep I, whose tomb was discovered by American archeologists in Abydos, Egypt.
The pharaoh Sobekhotep I, reigned 3,700 years ago. His tomb was unknown to historians and archeologists until today.
Royal cartouches reveal the complete name of the newly discovered pharaoh, witten also on his sarcophagus.
Sobekhotep I's name was also found on the wooden platform of the tomb.
Archeologists discovered pieces of canopic jars that contained the mummified organs of the pharaoh, but typical funerary artifacts were missing. They believe the tomb was robbed in ancient times.
A door jam from a temple shows Sobekhotep I's name, which illustrates that the pharaoh was known to exist, is on display in the Louvre museum.